Causes of dry mouth
Most often, increased dryness in the mouth is a side effect of various drugs. At the same time, the combined effect of medicines of various pharmacological groups increases the risk of the occurrence of side effects and makes them more pronounced.
In addition, the symptoms of xerostomia (dry mouth) can occur during:
- iron deficiency anemia,
- diabetes mellitus,
- hypertensive disease,
- cystic fibrosis,
- HIV infection,
- rheumatoid arthritis,
- Shane syndrome,
- states of dehydration caused by vomiting, diarrhea, fever, loss of blood and restriction of fluid intake into the body,
- radiotherapy, carried out in the course of treatment of oncological diseases,
- surgical removal of salivary glands or their senile atrophy,
- toxic-infectious lesions of the central nervous system,
- bruises of the brain.
Temporary dryness in the mouth can also be manifested in the absence of pathologies, including in the curvature of the nasal septum, with polyps of the nose, with the severe senile weakness of the muscles responsible for lifting the lower jaw, and with unnecessarily frequent rinsing of the mouth with alcohol-containing disinfectant solutions.
Dry mouth treatment
Treatment of dry mouth should be directed, first of all, to the elimination of the main cause of this manifestation, that is, of the disease that caused it, since symptomatic therapy alleviates the general condition of the patient, but does not protect from a recurrence of the disease.
Remember that heavy drugs such as Tramadol or Prednisone may cause serious health problems, among which a dry mouth will be the least, if taken by yourself without prescription of a doctor to cure the symptoms.
For general improvement of the condition, the patient is prescribed solutions of pilocarpine, potassium iodide, and galantamine, galvanotherapy of salivary glands, novocaine blockades in the submaxillary and parotid salivary glands, vibro-massage and electrophoresis. If there are multiple wounds and micro cracks in the oral cavity, they are daily lubricated with a solution of vitamin A which can be bought in any pharmacy as a part of a vitamin complex.
In addition, as a simple symptomatic, the patient is advised to drink continuously during the day in small portions:
- warm non-carbonated mineral or drinking water,
- herbal tea based on chamomile, plantain, mint, dog rose, marigold, red mountain ash or sea buckthorn,
- freshly squeezed juices of potatoes, apples, white cabbage, oranges, half diluted with boiled water.
With xerostomia, it is also recommended to avoid eating dry foods, salty foods, as well as beverages with added sugar and increased caffeine (strong tea, coffee, cola).
Patients experiencing dry mouth are strictly forbidden to smoke: smoking significantly increases the symptoms of xerostomia.